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Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation image

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY An individual with mental retardation (MR) is best characterized as having both low to below-average thinking and reasoning skills as measured by a standardized intelligence test, and a limited ability to function in areas of daily life including communications, self-care, and social and interpersonal skills. A diagnosis of MR also requires that the condition occur in the developmental years, prior to age 18. RISK FACTORS This affects about 1%-3% of the population. Only 25% of the cases have a direct reason why intellectual disability is acquired. Here are some examples of the risk factors: Infections (before, during and » » » [Read more]

Thyroid Disease In Children

Thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism is relatively rare in children. According to reports, the yearly incidence is 8 per 1 million children who are younger than 15 years old and 1 per 1 million in children younger than 4 years old. Among these patients, Graves’ Disease is the most common cause. It is noted that girls are affected five times more than boys. Family history of hyperthyroidism should be sought because many have a positive family history of autoimmune thyroid diseases. Clinical profile include a several month history of progressive symptoms, of which, the most common are often behavioral disturbances such as » » » [Read more]