Neurosurgery is one of the most complex and highly paid specialties in medicine. A neurosurgeon uses surgical techniques to treat diseases of and injuries to the brain, peripheral nervous system, and spinal cord. This field requires extensive training which includes eight years of education after high school, followed by seven years of residency. Neurosurgeons are held in high regard internationally and are always highly sought due to their specialist nature. There are many opportunities for neurosurgeons to work in Australia.