INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY An individual with mental retardation (MR) is best characterized as having both low to below-average thinking and reasoning skills as measured by a standardized intelligence test, and a limited ability to function in areas of daily life including communications, self-care, and social and interpersonal skills. A diagnosis of MR also requires that the condition occur in the developmental years, prior to age 18. RISK FACTORS This affects about 1%-3% of the population. Only 25% of the cases have a direct reason why intellectual disability is acquired. Here are some examples of the risk factors: Infections (before, during and » » » [Read more]
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2-3 years of age. CAUSES Not long ago, the answer to this question would have been “we have no idea“. Research is now delivering the answers. Most cases of autism appear to be caused by a » » » [Read more]
Do you want to lose fat and get a flat stomach? Would you like to improve your energy levels and feel healthier and more alive at the same time? In that case, there’s one form of exercise that arguably trumps all the others. And that is… walking! Let’s take a look at why walking is the king of the hill when it comes to losing weight and improving your health. Walking vs Running One of the best-known forms of exercise for losing weight is undoubtedly running. This will be what many people turn to first when beginning a weight loss » » » [Read more]
The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ. Many men experience urinary changes as they age, which may be caused by inflammation or enlargement of the prostate gland. An enlarged prostate gland, however, does not always cause urinary problems. Troublesome urinary symptoms are rarely symptoms of prostate cancer.
Are you having issues with recurrent throat infections, bad breath, and pain when swallowing? You could very well be suffering from tonsil stones. Also known as tonsilloliths, tonsil stones are calcified debris that have become trapped within the crypts of your tonsils. There are many ways to get rid of these stones, but here are the top 5 methods: 1. Treatment with Antibiotics By visiting your doctor, they can treat the stones with antibiotics. This can help to an extent as many times the stones are composed of decaying food particles, which in turn promote the growth of bacteria. By » » » [Read more]
Joint replacement surgery is a decision that is to be taken after a careful consideration of several factors. Joint pain can be difficult to handle but how much it is affecting your daily life and whether it is responding to alternative treatments are just some of the key areas that need to be analyzed before going for the surgery.
Sugar substitutes are food additives that take the place of your regular table sugar, and are generally much sweeter. Usually helpful in weight management and diabetes, these substitutes also help fight tooth decay, and are effective in reactive hypoglycemia (drop in blood sugar level). Despite these advantages, sugar substitutes have many controversial questions that beg answers like whether their long term use affects health badly, how much of consumption is safe, and whether they really can function as real sugar replacements. A better understanding of sugar substitutes may help answer these questions. Common approved substitutes/sweeteners Aspartame – is 200 times » » » [Read more]
The number of cases of asthma in the world is rising at an alarming pace. Heavy urbanization and deteriorating weather conditions play a huge role in this. According to the report of the World Health Organization in the year 2013, it is estimated that 235 million people worldwide have asthma and about 250,000 deaths are due to asthma. Asthma also affects many children and is considered one of the leading causes of chronic illnesses in this population. It can develop at any age from infancy to childhood but many children have symptoms by the age of 5. Thus, it is » » » [Read more]
Ebola virus is the only virus in the Zaire Ebola virus species. It is considered to be the most dangerous of the five known viruses within the genus Ebola virus. Among these five known Ebola viruses, four are known to cause severe and fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans and other mammals. These viruses are known as Ebola virus disease. Both the virus and its species were earlier named on Zaire, a country where it was first described. Initially, it was suspected to be a new “strain”, which is closely related to Marburg virus. This virus is a part of virological » » » [Read more]
Some people are born blind or partially-sighted, but often, loss of sight is linked to other health problems. Here are some health conditions which may result in partial or complete loss of sight: Cataracts Cataracts are one of the most common causes of lost sight. They form over the lens and cause the vision to become very cloudy and blurred. Cataracts can often be treated very effectively with surgery, but in severe cases, it may not be possible to save the sight. Cataracts tend to develop slowly and at first, the changes may be very gradual and hard to spot; » » » [Read more]